DAFOH Statement: “China’s announcement of phasing out the harvesting of organs from prisoners is deceptive and insufficient”

en.minghui.org

“This is no time … to take the tranquilizing drug of gradualism.”

Rev. Martin L. King Jr.
(“I Have a Dream” Speech, 1963)

September 16, 2013

Recently, China has announced its intention of phasing out the harvesting of organs from executed prisoners by 2015 and the introduction of the China Organ Transplant Response System (COTRS), a computerized organ-allocation system.

Unfortunately, COTRS lacks transparency: the matching process and information about the organ donors are not open to the public or to an independent third party. With regard to the announced 2015 time frame, Chinese officials speak vaguely of ending the reliance on executed prisoners, not of the complete cessation.

Doctors Against Forced Organ Harvesting (DAFOH) holds that the announcement and the introduced systems are misleading and insufficient.

DAFOH states:

1. The international community considers the harvesting of organs from executed prisoners and from prisoners of conscience unethical. If killing for organs—under the guise of executing prisoners—is unethical, it remains so every day it continues. Seeking an end of this unethical practice conforms to ethical standards defined by medical organizations, such as WMA, TTS, WHO, and others.

Once it is recognized as unethical and as a crime against humanity, the harvesting of organs from prisoners needs to end immediately. It is ethically indefensible to gradually end a crime against humanity. The Chinese government announcement of “phasing out” this crime against humanity is a deceptive statement in itself. When people’s lives are at stake, then “This is no time … to take the tranquilizing drug of gradualism.”

2. In 1984, the Chinese regime issued a law to legalize organ extraction from executed prisoners. Chinese officials still called it a lie when Dr. Wang Guoqi testified about this practice before Congress in 2001. China denied the practice until 2005, when international pressure forced Chinese officials to admit the practice. Then they stated that up to 90 percent of organs originated from this source, which contributed to more than 10,000 transplants per year. Since the Chinese regime has a history of lacking in candor, it is mandatory to implement steps for scrutiny and monitoring.

In 2007, one year before the 2008 Olympic Games in Beijing, the Chinese Medical Association (CMA) pledged to the World Medical Association (WMA) to end the harvesting of organs from executed prisoners, except for relatives. Despite the pledge, China continued to perform more than 10,000 transplantations every year without an effective public organ-donation system.

Now, six years after CMA’s pledge, China does not even speak of ENDING the practice as it did in 2007, but only announces—with an indefinite time frame—to PHASE OUT the practice. We hold that the recent 2013 announcement from China is actually a step back from the pledge in 2007. Based on the above, it is incomprehensible why the international community applauds the recent announcements.

3. The official Chinese terminology is vague and ambiguous as it only announces the beginning of the phaseout without establishing a deadline when the harvesting of organs from executed prisoners will eventually come to a complete end. According to statements from Chinese officials, the time frame could be 2015, but also “indefinite.” When asked when the practice of harvesting organs from executed prisoners will end, Chinese officials describe the time frame as “indefinite.” In other announcements, Chinese officials speak of “phasing out the dependency on organs from executed prisoners,” which does not address the end of this unethical practice but only a shift in the percentage, keeping the option open to continue the practice if needed.

The official statements from China are insufficient and vague. Without international scrutiny and monitoring, the phaseout can last “indefinitely” and euphoric commendation is premature and misplaced. Instead of applauding China for its phase-out announcement, one should rather consider the innocent victims who will lose their lives every day this abusive practice continues.

4. The recent announcements state that China will introduce a computerized organ-allocation system. Yet, the computerized organ-allocation system does not guarantee that the organs entered into the computer system are ethically procured. Instead, without openness to verification, the computerized organ allocation system poses the risk of enabling a more efficient allocation of unethically procured organs. It has to be ensured beyond any doubt that the new computerized organ allocation is not a sophisticated form of “organ laundering,” using prisoners’ organs and erasing all traces of their unethical procurement.

Resolving the unethical organ harvesting from prisoners in China does not require a computerized organ-allocation system. Instead, what is required is an immediate cessation of the unethical organ harvesting and a system that provides traceable documentation of subsequent procurements.

As long as China does not officially acknowledge organ harvesting from prisoners as unethical, it remains uncertain whether this organ source will ever be abolished even after establishing a computerized organ-allocation system and a voluntary organ-donation program.

The mixing of the two pools of organs, one from executions and another from organ donations, through the announced computerized organ-allocation system will only serve to whitewash the unethical practices. It gives them a coat of legitimacy and acceptance. It is simply a way to pretend the initial crime did not occur. The mere establishing of a computerized organ-allocation system without immediate cessation of the organ harvesting from prisoners is ethically meaningless.

5. In a May 20, 2013 ABC TV interview with Huang Jiefu, former vice minister of health in China, when asked about the harvesting of organs from prisoners, he replied, “Why do you object?” This suggests that Chinese officials still do not acknowledge that organ harvesting from executed prisoners is unethical. Ethical organ donation requires free, voluntary, and informed consent, yet China evades this requirement by trivializing it as “written” consent from prisoners.

The announcements from China speak of a phaseout of organ harvesting from executed prisoners, but it is not mentioned whether military hospitals, known to be heavily involved in the unethical organ-harvesting practices, will be included. The announced developments also do not address the from China never-acknowledged organ harvesting from prisoners of conscience, in particular from detained Falun Gong practitioners as the largest target group.

In 2012, David Matas said at the annual conference of the International Association of Genocide Scholars in San Francisco:

“On Nov. 30, 1999, the ‘610 Office’ [in China] called more than 3,000 officials to the Great Hall of the People in the capital to discuss the campaign against Falun Gong, which was then not going well. Demonstrations were continuing to occur at Tiananmen Square. The head of the ‘610 Office,’ Li Lanqing, announced the government’s new policy on the movement: ‘Defame their reputations, bankrupt them financially, and destroy them physically.’

A call to destroy Falun Gong physically is a call to genocide. It is not admittedly a call to genocide through sourcing their organs. Nonetheless, when that sourcing occurs, in the context of a call for physical destruction, the two should be linked. Organ sourcing is the means. Physical destruction is the intent.”

There is virtually no dividing line between destroying physically and harvesting organs from Falun Gong practitioners—the latter is even profitable. Thus, without publicly admitting the use of prisoners of conscience as an organ source, there is no guarantee that this path of organ sourcing will end. A gradual phaseout of this abusive practice with an indefinite end is ethically indefensible. It might be desirable from the side of the perpetrator but it is gruesome and unacceptable from the side of the victim. It is a tragedy for both the victims and the medical profession. The following quote by Rev. Martin L. King Jr. appears as timely as it was in the 1960s:

“ … the fierce urgency of now. This is no time to engage in the luxury of cooling off, or to take the tranquilizing drug of gradualism … Now is the time to make justice a reality for all of God’s children.”

6. The announced phaseout of the organ harvesting from executed prisoners was accompanied by an official announcement of a public organ-donation system. Yet, there is a traditional reluctance in the Chinese populace to donate organs, which is also acknowledged by Chinese officials. Furthermore, there is no brain-death legislation in place, which would regulate the organ procurement from the brain-dead. Thus the public organ donation system would be based on cardiac-death donations, which would reduce the effectiveness of some of the donated organs.

In September 2013, the Chinese Guang Ming Daily published an article stating that from 100 potential organ donors in China, only 5 percent of the donors’ organs can eventually be used for transplantation. Overall, the conditions in China are likely to result in a continuation of the use of organs from prisoners beyond the pledged time frame of two years.

It has to be assured beyond any doubt that prisoners of conscience, primarily detained Falun Gong practitioners, are not forcibly enrolled into such public organ-donation program under a fake identity. It has been observed that fake identity documents with a Chinese nationality were issued to foreign transplant tourists in order to bypass the transplant-tourism-prohibition law. Transparency and monitoring is required to prevent an entering of fake identities into the computerized organ-allocation system.

7. In October 2011, The Lancet published the letter “Time for a boycott of Chinese science and medicine pertaining to organ transplantation.” The letter called for a “boycott on accepting papers at meetings, publishing papers in journals, and cooperating on research related to transplantation unless it can be verified that the organ source is not an executed prisoner.”

While we appreciate the strict call for ethical standards in publications from China, we are missing the same strict call when it comes to defending our own ethical standards. As much as the co-authors were courageous to publish the aforementioned letter in The Lancet due to ethical concerns, we should be even more motivated to call openly for an immediate end of the unethical organ harvesting itself.

Refusing to publish papers, which include data from executed prisoners, is a necessary but insufficient response to the abuses in China. We have an absolute imperative to also object vociferously to the harvesting itself. Living in a society that allows freedom of expression, we are not prohibited from openly calling for an immediate end of the unethical organ harvesting in China. In fact, as medical doctors and medical organizations, it is our ethical responsibility and obligation to call for an immediate end of this unethical practice.

In 2006, China Daily reported the number of transplants in China as high as 20,000, with 90 percent of the organs coming from executed prisoners. Attention and pressure by the international community in the past few years have contributed to the recent developments and indicate that we need to continue our efforts to call for an immediate end of the organ-harvesting abuse.

Once the practice is recognized as unethical, there is no excuse to continue it. The unethical organ harvesting from prisoners could be resolved at once if the international community combines its efforts and opposes the practice with one voice. There is no law that prohibits us from calling upon China to refrain from unethical organ harvesting immediately—it only requires the willingness to do so.

Otherwise, we might need to ask ourselves if China were successful in using a computerized organ-allocation system and the announcement of a phaseout like a Trojan horse to undermine and dilute our ethical standards.

We call upon the international community to join us in calling upon China to immediately and unconditionally end the unethical harvesting of organs from executed prisoners and all prisoners of conscience.

Briefing Held in Australian NSW Parliament to Introduce Legislation Dealing with Organ Tourism (Photos)

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(Minghui.org) On the evening of March 12, 2013, the New South Wales (NSW) Greens Party and Upper House member David Shoebridge of NSW, Australia, hosted a briefing to support the draft Human Tissue Amendment (Trafficking in Human Organs) Bill 2013.

David Kilgour, former Canadian Secretary of State (Asia-Pacific) and Maria Fiatarone Singh, Professor of Medicine at Sydney University, addressed an audience that included several members of the legislature at the NSW Parliament on March 12.

The Chinese Communist Party Directly Participates in Live Organ Harvesting and Trafficking

'澳洲纽省立法会成员、绿党司法事务发言人舒布瑞杰先生'

Mr. David Shoebridge, MLC, Member of the The Greens

Mr. Shoebridge proposed the Human Tissue Amendment (Trafficking in Human Organs), Bill 2013, which revolves around amending an existing bill in New South Wales, the Human Tissue Act of 1983. Once passed, the law would make receiving a trafficked vital organ equivalent to manslaughter, and those who violate the law could face up to twenty-five years in prison.

He indicated that donated organs have become more scarce around the world, but in China, an organ can be obtained for transplant in a few weeks. He pointed out that the CCP (Chinese Communist Party) conducts live organ harvesting from detainees, especially Falun Gong practitioners, for organ trafficking.

Compelling Evidence of Organ Harvesting

“We heard some compelling evidence from David Kilgour tonight about the way China in particular is using their prison system,” Mr. Shoebridge stated. “Prisoners who have been held with no criminal charge such as Falun Gong practitioners, who are being held in the criminal system because of their faith, are being effectively used as a large pool of organs to be provided unethically– in fact in a manner which most Australians would consider to be deeply criminal.”

He continued, “My office drafted an initial Bill to look at this issue. We just finished the initial consultation phase to this Bill to see how Australians respond. I have got to say that we have been overwhelmed by the response. We had the better part of 3000 responses to our Bill, hundreds and hundreds of comments, and extraordinarily strong support for us to do something in NSW.”

Fifty-two Kinds of Evidence Prove that Falun Gong Practitioners Are Subjected to Live Organ Harvesting

'加拿大前亚太司司长大卫·乔高'

Mr. David Kilgour

Mr. David Kilgour and Mr. David Matas have been conducting an independent investigation on the CCP’s atrocities of live organ harvesting. In 2009, their co-authored book, Bloody Harvest, exposed that from 2000 to 2005, 67,000 organ transplantations were conducted in China. Among them, the sources of 41,000 organs cannot be explained. In 2012, they published State Organs, which exposes the dangers of going to China for organ transplantation.

Mr. Kilgour said in his speech, “So many people think there are surviving donors in China. There are no surviving donors in China. They don’t just take one kidney. They take both kidneys and everything else and then that person’s body is burnt. Ethan Gutmann’s best estimate is that 65,000 Falun Gong practitioners have been killed for their organs from 2000 to 2008.”

“Though CCP officials claimed that the organs were from death row inmates, only imprisoned Falun Gong practitioners were subjected to physical examinations every three to four months. Details of the health of their organs were recorded. It can thus be inferred that the organs were from Falun Gong practitioners.”

Mr. Kilgour said, “David Matas and I found 52 kinds of evidence of the nature of this atrocity since 2001. You may say, ‘well, give me one.’ The one example that I often use is from Sujiatun, Liaoning Province, where Bo Xilai was the governor. I met a witness who told me that her husband was a surgeon, and he has removed 2,000 corneas from the eyes of Falun Gong practitioners in Sujiatun over a two year period in 2003.”

Mr. Kilgour hopes that every government would implement legislation on organ trafficking and stop this human rights atrocity.

A Professor at the University of Sydney: “The CCP Systemically Conducts Live Organ Harvesting”

'悉尼大学教授玛丽亚·辛格女士'

Professor Singh of the University of Sydney

At the briefing, Professor Singh from the University of Sydney mentioned that on the same day, the China State Council announced the dismissal of the Vice Minister of Health, doctor Huang Jiefu. She said, “He was trained in NSW from 1984 to 1987, and holds an honorary professorship with the University of Sydney Medical School. In fact doctor Huang Jiefu was given the title of “Honorary Professor of Medicine” in 2008 by the University of Sydney.

“As you may know, doctor Huang Jiefu is a liver transplant surgeon. He is not only Vice-minister for Health, but a world-renowned liver transplant surgeon. He returned to China from his training at the University of Sydney to continue the practice of unethical organ harvesting from detainees for many years afterwards, both before and after his promotion to Vice-minister of Health in 2001. He officially denied this practice up to 2006, which was when investigations of Mr. Kilgour and Mr. Matas made it impossible to cover up any longer.”

Later, Prof. Singh said during an interview that although organ trafficking occurs in other countries, including India and Pakistan, the CCP uses state machinery to conduct illegal organ trafficking. She said, “That’s why we call it the ‘national plunder of organs.’ The CCP systematically implements the organ plundering. They take advantage of the hospital system, with the cooperation of the police departments nationwide.” She believes that maintaining silence is only helping organ harvesting to continue and expand.

When a Person Goes to China for an Organ Transplant, Innocent People Are Killed

Jonathan Richard O’Dea, a member of the NSW parliament, said that from his perspective, he supported restricting Australians from going abroad for organ transplantation. He said he put forward the bill a few years ago in the NSW parliament, “There were two issues. One is that legislation is required at a Commonwealth level. Secondly, it has been suggested that the extent of the problem in NSW is actually quite small with only one or two people a year taking part in [transplant] tourism.”

Regarding this, Mr. Kilgour said, “Many years ago I was working as a constitutional lawyer for the province of Alberta. I understand that here, health care delivery is a matter for the State government, but most of the funding for health care comes from the Federal government. Therefore, if there is willingness in NSW for legislation, it is feasible from a legal perspective.”

He continued, “The question is whether only a few people are going [to China for transplants]? At the time of Pol Pot, if you had one Australian and one Canadian at that time who went to Cambodia to get an organ from the killing fields of Cambodia’s back in the 70s, I do not think that anyone would have dared get up and say, there were only a few people going. I believe that people would have said, ‘We do not want any people going to the killing fields of Cambodia.’”

He said, “I don’t know how many, but I have been told that people in all the States of Australia are still going to China. We discovered in Canada, from three hospitals, over a two or three year period, that twenty to thirty people had gone [overseas to get organ transplants].”

Professor Singh said, “To say it’s not an issue of huge magnitude to Australians is one thing. But it is of huge magnitude for the number of Chinese people being killed. That’s putting a very different priority on the life of one person over another. It seems entirely unacceptable to me.”

“It’s symbolic as well. Even if only one person goes from NSW, if there is a law against it, at least it makes the statement that NSW has some integrity in this regard and it’s a symbol for the other states and the commonwealth government to follow in their footsteps.”

Mr. Shoebridge said, “I think Jonathan’s idea is what is called in Parliamentary parlance a ‘Dorothy Dixer.’ You hope to get a response which will assist in the argument rather than challenging it. The evidence I got in my discussion with a renal surgeon, is that they see about half a dozen a year going from our health care system, and very little monitoring from the New South Wales government. So the figure I have got is about half a dozen a year, and if you extrapolate that over five years, you are talking about 30 people getting killed to order as a result of people from New South Wales.”

Member of NSW Parliament: We Must Stop this Crime

John Kaye, from the NSW Greens party and member of the NSW parliament, said, “Over 4,300 people in New South Wales are on dialysis at the moment. If it grows five percent each year, we are the most rapidly growing population in the world for dialysis. We have a particular moral responsibility to make sure that this population does not become a demand source for executions in China.”

“Even if it’s a case of only one person going to China from New South Wales each year, I am determined to work on this to save lives, as one life today, in five years time, may be equal to five persons being killed. We have got to stop this crime.”

Canada: Public Forum Held in Calgary Focuses on Organ Harvesting in China

Dear readers,

Organ harvesting is a serious and heavily censored issue in China. Petitions are being launched around the world to raise international attention and recognition to the issue (some countries cannot fathom the reality of organ harvesting in China and deny its existence). Recently a successful petition has been launched to the White House (due New Year’s Day) to condemn organ harvesting in China. If there are any online petitions we will be sure to notify you via our blog.

Kind regards,
Behindlies09 editor.

(Minghui.org) On January 18, a public forum focusing on organ harvesting in China was held at the city library in Calgary, Canada. Almost 200 people, many from the fields of medicine, law, media and government, attended. The event was organized by the Falun Dafa Association of Calgary. The forum had two sections. In the first, experts gave speeches on organ harvesting in China, and the in the second, the audience watched the film, Free China, the story of two Falun Gong practitioners who were persecuted in China.

David Matas, a senior legal counsel of B'nai Brith Canada

David Matas, a senior legal counsel of B’nai Brith Canada

David Matas, a senior legal counsel of B’nai Brith Canada, and Wu Xiao’en, a medical doctor, introduced the investigation into organ harvesting and organ transplants in China. The evidence leads to the conclusion that the Chinese government has been harvesting organs from Falun Gong practitioners for profit. They called upon the international community to pay more attention and help stop these atrocities.

The host of the forum, Alastair Lucas, the interim president of the Sheldon Chumir Foundation and a law professor at University of Calgary, called upon the attendees to spread the information and raise awareness of these human rights violations in China.

David Swann, a medical doctor and a member of the Legislative Assembly of Alberta, said in his speech that people should not treat organ harvesting as some international affair that has nothing to do with themselves. He called upon the public to take action and pass on the information to their congressmen and other government officials. “It is your responsibility as Canadian citizens,” he said.

Attendees were shocked by the brutality. Some said that they had heard about the persecution of Falun Gong, but they didn’t know that it was so severe.

Alastair Lucas, the interim president of the Sheldon Chumir Foundation and a law professor at the University of Calgary, was the host of the forum.

Alastair Lucas, the interim president of the Sheldon Chumir Foundation and a law professor at the University of Calgary, was the host of the forum.

One government official who is in charge of organ transplant related affairs in Alberta said that the public needs to be educated. They need to know where the organs come from, and how to obtain legal organs for transplant.

An international commercial lawyer expressed that he had heard about the organ harvesting in China before, but this was the first time that he was able to learn the details about it. He suggested that the Canadian government should stop all drug testing in China that is related to organ transplants.

A reporter from a local media said that he has been to a lot of forums, but this one was the most impressive. He noticed that many attendees cried during the film and speeches. After the forum, many attendees wanted to learn more about Falun Gong. One lady held the hands of an organizer with tears in her eyes, and said that she wanted to do something to help. A filmmaker expressed that he would like to make a movie based on Falun Gong practitioners’ stories to help them. Some people asked practitioners to screen Free China in their communities.

The One Thing I Would Like Western Governments to Do

Stop the Chinese Communist Party from killing people for their organs

By Jennifer Zeng

Jennifer Zeng is pictured at the award ceremony for the Free Speech Film Festival, on May 12 in Philadelphia. The movie “Free China,” in which Ms. Zeng’s story of suffering persecution in China for her belief in Falun Gong is featured, took top honors at the festival. (Edward Dai/The Epoch Times)

On Nov. 1, I travelled to Canada for the first time to attend the Free Thinking Film Festival in Ottawa, as the subject of an award-winning documentary, Free China: The Courage to Believe. This film examines widespread human rights violations inside China—from forced abortions to live organ harvesting of prisoners of conscience—through the stories and experiences of Dr. Charles Lee, an American-Chinese businessman, and myself, a mother, author, and former Communist Party member.

Both Charles and I, along with hundreds of thousands of peaceful citizens in China, have been incarcerated, tortured, and subjected to slave labor for our spiritual beliefs—we both practice Falun Gong.

After the screening, I observed that the audience was quite moved by our experiences. Many were also shocked by the extent of the physical and psychological torture that Charles and I had to endure and at learning that Falun Gong practitioners have been killed for the harvesting of their vital organs. One audience member angrily asked, “What has the UN done in all these years?”

Another audience member, MP Bryan Hayes of the Conservative Party, asked, “What is the one thing you’d like the Canadian government to do?”

Mr. David Kilgour, a 27 year Canadian Parliamentary Member; and co-author of Bloody Harvest, The Killing of Falun Gong for their Organs, which provides a comprehensive analysis based on intensive investigation into the live organ harvesting of Falun Gong practitioners in China, answered by saying, “Well, we actually have 25 things that we’d like the Canadian Government to do. The Foreign Ministry can at least post a warning on its website to inform Canadians that if you go to China for an organ transplant, there is a high chance that someone like Jennifer could be killed so that you can utilize her organs. Would you then still want to go to China?”

For me, I would like the Canadian Government, as well as other governments around the world to demand the Chinese Communist Party stop persecuting Falun Gong practitioners immediately. This includes:

1. Stop killing Falun Gong practitioners for their organs;
2. Release all imprisoned Falun Gong practitioners;
3. Lift the ban on Falun Gong and allow publication and distribution of Falun Gong books in China.

The question here is how far is the Canadian government, and how far are other governments, prepared to go to make this happen? What has the world done to stop the Chinese Communist Party from killing thousands or tens of thousands of Falun Gong practitioners for their organs? What level of heinous crimes has to occur before governments are willing to do anything?

There have been so many times when Falun Gong practitioners have attempted to raise awareness of live organ harvesting when people would ask, “Where is the evidence?” Whenever I hear this response, my heart becomes heavy.

Falun Gong practitioners are a group of peaceful and law-abiding citizens who hold no state power at all in their hands. When Anne, wife of a Chinese doctor, first informed the public back in 2006 that her husband alone had removed corneas from the living bodies of more than 2,000 Falun Gong practitioners; and that thousands of Falun Gong practitioners were still jailed in an underground facility and could be killed at any time, I felt like l was hearing the most terrible news about my missing family members.

For me, the logic is very clear. If the allegations are there, if respectable individuals like David Kilgour and his co-author David Matas have already used their own resources and undertaken investigations to prove that this IS happening, if knowledgeable transplant doctors like Dr. Jacob Lavee cried out that this IS happening based on their professional judgment, if 106 US Congress members have written to the U.S. Government to demand the release of organ-harvesting related information that the U.S. Government might have, isn’t it the obligation of the United Nations or any other government that really respects human life to take action?

Why is it so difficult to undertake further investigations, or to publish a warning or condemnation? Do we have preferences or selections when attempting to uphold justice? If there is a differentiation or selection about what kind of “justice” we are prepared to uphold, can we still call it justice?

Sure, we are doing business with the Chinese Communist Party; and the party still controls the largest military force in the world. However, with the attempted defection of Wang Lijun, former police chief of Chongqing city, with the sentencing of Gu Kailai and the ouster of Bo Xilai, more and more evidence of the real crimes behind these men’s actions, which are attributed to the live organ harvesting of Falun Gong practitioners, is emerging.

A crime of such a scale cannot be hidden forever, and the Chinese Communist Party is not as strong as we imagine. I believe that as soon as the crime of organ harvesting becomes known to the majority of Chinese people, the party will collapse.

What we may need to do now is only to put the last straw on the camel’s back. Otherwise, when our children or grandchildren ask us, “why didn’t you do anything to stop this crime?” what can we say?

Jennifer Zeng is the author of “Witnessing History: One Chinese Woman’s Fight for Freedom and Falun Gong.” Before being persecuted in China for her faith, she was a researcher and consultant in the Development Research Center of the State Council, the State Cabinet. Her story is featured in the award-winning documentary, “Free China; the Courage to Believe,” co-produced by New Tang Dynasty Television and World2Be Productions.

chinareports@epochtimes.com

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 Editor’s Note: When Chongqing’s former top cop, Wang Lijun, fled for his life to the U.S. Consulate in Chengdu on Feb. 6, he set in motion a political storm that has not subsided. The battle behind the scenes turns on what stance officials take toward the persecution of Falun Gong. The faction with bloody hands—the officials former CCP head Jiang Zemin promoted in order to carry out the persecution—is seeking to avoid accountability for their crimes and to continue the campaign. Other officials are refusing any longer to participate in the persecution. Events present a clear choice to the officials and citizens of China, as well as people around the world: either support or oppose the persecution of Falun Gong. History will record the choice each person makes.

 

Click www.ept.ms/ccp-crisis to read about the most recent developments in the ongoing crisis within the Chinese communist regime. In this special topic, we provide readers with the necessary context to understand the situation. Get the RSS feed. Who are the Major Players?

 

This article taken from: http://www.theepochtimes.com/n2/opinion/the-one-thing-i-would-like-western-governments-to-do-314649.html

How Jiang Zemin Encouraged Bo Xilai’s Atrocities, Part II

By Wen Hua & Hua Ming On October 22, 2012 @ 4:21 pm In Regime

Bo Xilai at the National People's Congress at the Great Hall of the People in Beijing on March 14, 2012, after Wang Lijun's attempted defection, but before Bo was removed from his post and arrested. (Mark RalstonAFP/Getty Images)

Bo Xilai at the National People’s Congress at the Great Hall of the People in Beijing on March 14, 2012, after Wang Lijun’s attempted defection, but before Bo was removed from his post and arrested. (Mark RalstonAFP/Getty Images)

The fate of the disgraced former Politburo member Bo Xilai has engrossed Chinese Communist Party (CCP) leaders since his police chief, Wang Lijun, attempted to defect to the United States on Feb. 6. At issue is not Bo’s individual fate, but rather how widely other CCP officials are implicated in Bo’s crimes. This is Part II of the three part series. Click to read Part I.

 

News Analysis

The fate of the disgraced former Politburo member Bo Xilai has engrossed Chinese Communist Party (CCP) leaders since his police chief, Wang Lijun, attempted to defect to the United States on Feb. 6.

At issue is not Bo’s individual fate, but rather how widely other CCP officials are implicated in Bo’s crimes. According to an investigation by the Central Discipline Inspection Committee, many high ranking officials are involved in Bo’s case.

The concern is not for the crimes the regime mouthpiece, Xinhua, announced Bo would be tried for in criminal court—basically for acts of corruption. While it is true that almost any CCP official could be successfully prosecuted for corruption if the need arises to do so, that is an old story.

The concern in the Party leadership compound of Zhongnanhai has focused on the crimes that Xinhua does not mention—crimes against humanity and in particular the atrocity of forced, live organ harvesting.

Former CCP head Jiang Zemin and the current security czar Zhou Yongkang had the deepest involvement with Bo in carrying out these crimes. The CCP leaders are terrified at the stress that would be put on the fabric of the CCP if Bo is accused of atrocities Jiang and Zhou also took part in.

Bo Xilai’s case could bring the whole house down.

No Limits

Bo Xilai’s path to Qincheng Prison in Beijing began with Jiang Zemin’s decision in July, 1999 to eliminate the spiritual discipline of Falun Gong in China.

To quickly suppress Falun Gong, Jiang Zemin established a special Party organ, the 610 Office, named after the date of its creation (June 6, 1999). The 610 Office is an extra-constitutional body with authority over all levels of the Party and the state in the matter of eradicating Falun Gong.

Jiang secretly ordered the 610 Office to “defame their [Falun Gong practitioners’] reputations, bankrupt them financially and destroy them physically.”

Jiang ordered torture for those practitioners who refused to give up their beliefs. If they died, their deaths should be “counted as suicide.” The torturers serving the 610 Office were told that such practitioners “died in vain.” The 610 Office should “cremate them without finding out who they are.”

A source familiar with the matter told The Epoch Times that Jiang wrote these orders down on a piece of paper without signing his name. However, people in the central 610 Office knew that they came from Jiang and executed the orders.

Soon after the persecution of Falun Gong began, Falun Gong practitioners began reporting on the website Minghui that policeman told them of these orders, as a way of frightening the practitioners into quitting the practice or justifying themselves as they robbed and abused them.

Two CCP officials have confirmed the existence of these orders.

Hao Fengjun was an officer in the 610 Office in Tianjin City. In June 2005 he defected to Australia, bringing with him a disc full of 610 documents. Hao confirmed the 610 Offices had been given these orders.

So, too, did Chen Yonglin, after he defected to Australia, also in June 2005. Chen was the consul for political affairs for the Sydney Consulate-General and his duties included organizing the spying on dissidents in Australia, especially on Falun Gong practitioners.

The orders Jiang had given regarding Falun Gong removed all limits on how practitioners might be treated. With a stroke of his anonymous pen, Jiang had subverted China’s entire legal system.

With no restraints on officials’ cruelty or greed, the torture of practitioners for the sake of forcing them to give up their beliefs rapidly escalated to the killing of practitioners for their organs, for the sake of making money.

Organ Harvesting

Bo Xilai had whored after the promotions and riches Party chief Jiang Zemin could dispense, and when the persecution of Falun Gong began, Bo saw his main chance.

When the persecution began Bo was the mayor of Dalian, the second largest city in Liaoning Province, but he then rapidly became the governor of Liaoning.

According to a source familiar with the matter, he and Gu Kailai were the ones who first began the practice of forced, live organ harvesting from Falun Gong practitioners. In addition, Dalian was the first city to sell for profit the corpses of Falun Gong practitioners whose organs had been harvested.

Selling the organs and corpses was a lucrative business, which Bo Xilai and his wife Gu Kailai referred to as a “recycling” business.

Bo Xilai, Gu Kailai, and Wang Lijun were all involved in these crimes. They worked closely with Dalian Medical University. Many officials from the public health, public security, and police systems, as well as medical professionals and children from high-ranking officials in Dalian, in Shenyang City (Liaoning’s capital), and in Liaoning Province were involved. They all made a lot of money.

A policeman who worked for Wang Lijun reported the crimes to the Coalition to Investigate the Persecution of Falun Gong in 2009.

On April 9, 2002, in a surgery room on the 15th floor of the general hospital in Shenyang Military Base, the policeman witnessed two military medical personnel removing organs from a female Falun Gong practitioner. The practitioner was in her 30s and was not anesthetized. She died in pain after her organs were removed.

The Epoch Times broke the story of forced live organ harvesting in China on March 6, 2006, with detailed stories about a hospital in Sujiatun, a suburb of Shenyang City.

Twenty-two days later, after the CCP had a chance to remove all traces of the organ harvesting operation in Sujiatun, the Chinese Foreign Ministry finally responded to The Epoch Times reports. The Foreign Ministry denied the allegations and called on the international community to conduct an investigation.

However, when representatives from a human rights organization in Canada and reporters from the U.S.-based, Chinese-language Sound of Hope Radio and New Tang Dynasty Television applied to the Chinese Consulate for visas, their applications were immediately rejected.

On April 16, more than 5 weeks after The Epoch Times broke the story, U.S. consular officials toured the hospital, but there was nothing at that point to see or anyone who would speak about what had happened there.

On Mar. 27, 2006, the day before the official response by the Chinese Foreign Ministry, the CCP hastily published the “Interim Regulation for Human Organ Transplant Practice,” forbidding the selling of human organs. However, the regulation would not take effect until July 1, the anniversary of the Party’s founding.

Now, more than 6 years later, the regulation still has not curbed forced, live organ harvesting in China, according to investigators.

Plastinated Corpses

In August 1999 Bo Xilai personally approved the establishment of a plastination factory in Dalian, which would be operated by Gunther von Hagens.

Plastination is the process developed by von Hagens in which the bodily fluids of corpses are replaced by polymers, preserving the corpses and making them capable of being exhibited.

Von Hagens told the New York Times in 2006 that he had set up the factory in Dalian because he had found cheap labor, eager students, few government restrictions, and easy access to Chinese bodies, which he said he primarily uses for experiments and medical research purposes, not for his exhibitions.

The business of exhibiting plastinated corpses is highly lucrative and von Hagens’ former business manager, Sui Hongjin, soon set up a plastination factory that competed with von Hagens. By 2003, there were 10 such factories in Dalian, and China led the world in the export of plastinated bodies.

According to a source familiar with the matter, Gu Kailai and Bo Xilai provided the Dalian plastination factories with the bodies of Falun Gong practitioners. The Epoch Times has no information that von Hagens or his employees knew that the bodies of Falun Gong practitioners were being supplied.

Wang Lijun’s Involvement

When Wang Lijun fled to the U.S. Consulate in Chengdu in February, Chinese-language websites reported at the time that he brought with him a stack of documents believed to contain information on the crimes of high-ranking CCP officials.

In May, the U.S. Department of State released the 2012 Country Reports on Human Rights. The report on China for the first time included clear allegations of organ harvesting from Falun Gong practitioners.

Wang Lijun was director of the “On-Site Psychology Research Center” (OSPRC) of the Public Security Bureau of Jinzhou. On Sept. 17, 2006, Wang received an award and research subsidy of 2 million yuan from the Guanghua Science and Technology Foundation, which is affiliated with the Communist Youth League.

Wang was apparently working on injecting drugs that would help preserve organs after they were removed from the body for transplantation and on the effect on organs of lethal injection. In his acceptance speech for the award, he spoke of thousands of transplantation operations having taken place at his center.

Liaoning was the first province in China to make lethal injection the standard practice for all its death penalty convicts, with execution by gunshot discontinued. Execution by lethal injection is more convenient for organ harvesting.

Nationwide Crimes

What began in Liaoning Province spread across all of China.

The demand for organs for transplantation far exceeds the supply. According to Caijing magazine, in China there is an annual demand for 1,500,000 organs for transplantation. In addition to China’s domestic demand, there is worldwide a shortage of organs for transplantation, and foreign tourists come to China for transplantation.

He Xiaoshun, the vice president of the First Affiliated Hospital at Sun Yat-Sen University in Guangzhou, told Southern Weekly in March 2010, “The year 2000 marked the turning point in organ transplants in China.” In 2000, liver transplants in China were 10 times higher than in 1999.

David Kilgour, a former Canadian secretary of state (Asia-Pacific), and the Canadian human rights attorney David Matas investigated allegations of forced organ harvesting from Falun Gong practitioners in China, and their investigation agrees with He Xiaoshun’s remark.

In their 2006 report “Bloody Harvest,” Kilgour and Matas note that in the six-year period prior to the beginning of the persecution of Falun Gong 18,500 transplantation operations were done in China. In the six-year period of 2000-2005, 60,000 transplantation operations were done.

According to the best available sources of information, the number of executions—executed prisoners have been advanced at times by the regime as the source for organs used for transplantation—had held steady across the 12 years 1994-2005. In addition, the number of executions were not in any case sufficient to cover the increase in transplantations.

Kilgour and Matas conclude, in a study buttressed by the consideration of 33 elements of proof or disproof, that in the years 2000-2005 41,500 transplantations occurred for which the Chinese regime cannot provide a source for the organs. Kilgour and Matas state the most likely source was Falun Gong practitioners.

The number of transplantations peaked in 2005 at 20,000 that year—the year before The Epoch Times exposed the practice.

For the past several years, approximately 10,000 transplantation operations have taken place each year in China. David Matas has estimated that the organs for 1,000 of these operations come from death row prisoners, for 8,000 from Falun Gong practitioners, and for another 1,000 from other prisoners of conscience.

China has two medical systems. One is controlled by the Ministry of Health, the other is controlled by the military.

According to an investigation by the World Organization to Investigate the Persecution of Falun Gong, of the 150 plus military hospitals spanning China, the majority of these hospitals carry out organ transplants. Given the sourcing of organs for transplantation in China, this means these hospitals are involved in forced organ harvesting.

As the Party continues to sort through the implications of whether to try Bo Xilai for the atrocities he committed, it must consider consequences of high-ranking generals being guilty of the same crimes.

Read original Chinese article.

Editor’s Note: When Chongqing’s former top cop, Wang Lijun, fled for his life to the U.S. Consulate in Chengdu on Feb. 6, he set in motion a political storm that has not subsided. The battle behind the scenes turns on what stance officials take toward the persecution of Falun Gong. The faction with bloody hands—the officials former CCP head Jiang Zemin promoted in order to carry out the persecution—is seeking to avoid accountability for their crimes and to continue the campaign. Other officials are refusing to participate in the persecution any longer. Events present a clear choice to the officials and citizens of China, as well as people around the world: either support or oppose thepersecution of Falun Gong. History will record the choice each person makes.

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On a Mission to Stop Organ Harvesting

By Genevieve Belmaker
Epoch Times Contributor

On October 7, 2012 @ 4:26 am In International

State Organs: Transplant Abuse in China

During a recent interview with Canadian attorney David Matas about his new book on organ harvesting in China, I noticed something: he is an incredibly busy guy. During a very short trip to Jerusalem (less than 2 days), he made time to step out from his hotel so I could quiz him. On the way to the cafe where we talked, he bought a gift for his nephew. This penchant for multitasking seems typical. He is constantly moving, constantly working, constantly thinking about what to do next. And being a human rights activist is a side gig for him. I can only imagine what he’d accomplish if he was at it full time.

“Even when I’m in meetings, I’m always checking emails,” Matas told me when I asked about how he keeps up with having his hand in so many different things.

In 2009, Matas co-authored the book “Bloody Harvest: Organ Harvesting of Falun Gong Practitioners in China.” Just a couple of months ago, he published a second book, which he co-edited, entitled “State Organs: Transplant Abuse in China.” His second book is a collection of essays by contributors, including transplant doctors, from four continents.

When it comes to organ harvesting, he has good reason to be so bent on staying in constant contact.

According to research done by the Falun Dafa Information Center (FDIC), of the tens of thousands of organ transplants performed in China annually, records of voluntary donations only number in the hundreds. It is impossible to think of it as anything but a serious ethical betrayal by doctors, and a crime against humanity.

Chinese government claims that organs for heart, kidney, and liver transplants come from executed prisoners have been met with increasing skepticism since 2006. Steadily emerging evidence suggests that most of these organs have come from prisoners murdered solely for the monetary value of their organs. Many murdered areFalun Gong practitioners, the largest group of prisoners of conscience in the world.

Slowly but surely, the U.S. government is starting to pay attention. In 2011, the U.S. State Department said in its annual Human Rights Report that: “Overseas and domestic media and advocacy groups continued to report instances of organ harvesting, particularly from Falun Gong practitioners and Uighurs.”

Attorney and human rights activist David Matas in Jerusalem in Sept. 2012 (Genevieve Belmaker/Epoch Times)

Attorney and human rights activist David Matas
in Jerusalem in Sept. 2012 (Genevieve Belmaker/Epoch Times)

For Matas, who used to be a fixture at hearings and events on the issue following the 2009 publication of his book, he is relieved others are getting more involved.

“It has to be more than just me talking about it,” he said, adding that he did not join a Sept. 17 House hearing on the issue, so others could be at center stage. Matas’ hope that the issue will gain more traction and momentum seems to be coming to fruition.

On Oct. 3, 106 members of Congress sent Secretary of State Clinton a letter asking for the release of information about transplant abuses in China that the U.S. government may possess. The  request was sparked by reports that former Chongqing city deputy mayor Wang Lijun transmitted details about organ harvesting during a 24-hour stay in an American consulate in China in February.

Matas says there are many things that individuals can do as well.

“Write a letter, go to a rally,” he says. “Do what you can.”


URL to article: http://www.theepochtimes.com/n2/world/on-a-mission-to-stop-organ-harvesting-300744.html

Copyright © 2012 Epoch Times. All rights reserved.

Change in China Real And U.S. Better Prepare, Says Panel

By Shar Adams On September 20, 2012 @ 9:17 pm In National News

Gordon Chang, author of the 2001 book “The Coming Collapse of China." A panel sponsored by The Epoch Times was held in a Congressional building on Sept. 20. The United States' policy of engagement with China at all costs has unwittingly reinforced unacceptable behavior by the Chinese communist regime, say author Gordon Chang. (Ariel Tian/The Epoch Times)

Gordon Chang, author of the 2001 book “The Coming Collapse of China.” A panel sponsored by The Epoch Times was held in a Congressional building on Sept. 20. The United States’ policy of engagement with China at all costs has unwittingly reinforced unacceptable behavior by the Chinese communist regime, say author Gordon Chang. (Ariel Tian/The Epoch Times)

WASHINGTON—The Chinese Communist Party is heading toward collapse, and the United States had better get its act together in its dealings with the country, emphasizing a stronger relationship with the citizens of China rather than simply its communist government. That was the clear message that came out of a forum here on Thursday.

There are signs that the Chinese leadership is splintering as the regime prepares for the once-in-a-decade leadership transition that the Communist Party is currently undertaking, says Gordon Chang, author of the 2001 book The Coming Collapse of China. Chang was keynote speaker at the panel sponsored by The Epoch Times. The event was held at a congressional office building.

Besides a leadership rift, Chang says the authority of the central government is eroding, the military is breaking free of civilian control, and “Chinese people, from one end of the country to the other, are taking to the streets in protest.

“The wheels are coming off China, and we don’t know where that country is heading,” he said.

The Chinese economy, the engine of economic growth in the Asia Pacific, is also in trouble Chang said. He cited average monthly increases in electricity production over the last six months as an example. The reported 1.5 percent growth in electricity production probably indicates an overall economic growth rate of zero, he said. “China may already be in recession.”

Dr. Li Ding, the editor of Chinascope, an English language website that specializes in translations of primary-source Communist Party political information, propaganda, and academic and media reports not usually accessible to Westerners, concurred with Chang.

According to the best statistics, there are hundreds of thousands of mass protests in China each year, and the level of distrust of the Chinese leadership is now palpable.

Ding said the flow of information can be divided into two streams: the official Communist Party line, which no one believes, and the personal accounts, anecdotes, opinions, and rumors that fly around online and from which Chinese people draw their own understanding.

“The propaganda machine is no longer effective,” Ding said.

Ding says the United States needs to engage more with civil society, grassroots groups, and ordinary citizens in China as the Communist Party faces unprecedented challenges—many from the Chinese people, who want a fairer country—that may end its rule.

Chang says engagement may not be enough. He believes the U.S. policy of bringing the Chinese communist leadership into the “liberal system” through engagement over the last 40 years has failed.

By compromising on values for the sake of engagement, he says that America has unwittingly “reinforced the worst tendency of the Communist Party’s authoritarian system,” rewarding “ irresponsible conduct” with more efforts by the United States to engage.

(L to R) Matthew Robertson, Gordon Chang and David Matas (standing). The forum in Washington explored the Chinese regime’s ongoing and future challenges to continued rule. David Matas, a Canadian human rights lawyer, said the U.S State Department should release whatever information Wang Lijun gave to the U.S. Consulate in Chengdu about organ harvesting. (Ariel Tian/The Epoch Times)

(L to R) Matthew Robertson, Gordon Chang and David Matas (standing). The forum in Washington explored the Chinese regime’s ongoing and future challenges to continued rule. David Matas, a Canadian human rights lawyer, said the U.S State Department should release whatever information Wang Lijun gave to the U.S. Consulate in Chengdu about organ harvesting. (Ariel Tian/The Epoch Times)

Nowhere was that more obvious than in Matthew Robertson’s testimony.

Investigative reporter and manager of the China desk at The Epoch Times, Robertson detailed the story of Falun Gong in China, its popular rise, the perceived ideological threat it posed to former regime leader Jiang Zemin, and the persecution Jiang initiated.

Security forces were required to implement the persecution—the largest security mobilization upheaval since the Mao era, he said—at enormous cost. Jiang Zemin also built his own power structure to implement the campaign, which later began a destabilizing force in China.

The fall from grace of former Politburo member and Chongqing Party Secretary Bo Xilai and the attempted defection of his right-hand man and former Chongqing chief of police Wang Lijun to the U.S. consulate in Chengdu in February, was a direct result of that power structure. The two were heavily implicated in both the persecution of the Falun Gong and the harvesting of organs from its adherents.

David Matas, one of the panelists, is a human rights lawyer who has won several awards for his work and co-authored the seminal text about harvesting organs from Falun Gong practitioners: Bloody Harvest.

Matas divided figures in the regime into broad categories: the “harmonizers” like Wen Jiabao and former premier Zhu Rongj, who, it appears, would like to see a stop to the persecution and atrocities against Falun Gong; the “harmonizers” like Hu Jintao and Xi Jinping, who are keen to do what it takes to maintain the status quo; and the hardliners like Jiang Zemin and Bo Xilai.

In that context, the United States should push for change in Chinese organ-sourcing practices, Matas said. He proposed that the State Department release information that Wang Lijun may have given about organ harvesting, that Congress enact legislation to combat transplant abuse, that compulsory reporting be instituted around transplant tourism, and that health insurance on the matter be tightened up.

In short, Matas said the United States should do more.

 

 

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Accused Chinese Organ Harvester Lurks in Transplant Community

Dr. Jacob “Jay” Lavee, head of the heart transplant unit at Sheba Medical Center in Tel Hashomer, Israel, speaks at the Doctors Against Forced Organ Harvesting conference held in Berlin. He noted that several papers from PRC authors had been rejected because of concerns over organ sourcing. (Jason Wang/The Epoch Times)

By Matthew Robertson
Epoch Times Staff

Last Updated: August 1, 2012

Judging from the outside there is nothing problematic about the Tongji Hospital in Wuhan. In fact, it’s one of China’s most prestigious medical schools. But in 2006, when asked whether the hospital could perform live organ transplantation from Falun Gong prisoners, a staff member in the Kidney Transplant Department said: “Sure, it’s no problem.”

“When you are ready, you can come over directly and we will discuss it in detail,” the voice continued. The call was one of several placed to hospitals around China in March 2006 by the World Organization to Investigate the Persecution of Falun Gong (WOIPFG) in an investigation of allegations of forced, live organ harvesting from Falun Gong practitioners.

But the evidence this call provides of the Wuhan Tongji Hospital’s involvement in live organ harvesting from prisoners of conscience, and the role a senior surgeon at the hospital might have in those operations, are not items that prominent members of the international transplantation community like to discuss.

The Chen Problem

Dr. Chen Zhonghua, a senior Chinese transplantation surgeon, was director of the Institute of Organ Transplantations at Tongji Hospital when the call was made. He is currently professor of surgery at the same institute.

Chen recently attended and co-authored a paper for The Transplantation Society’s (TTS) Congress, held in Berlin. TTS is the largest society of transplant professionals and exercises “global leadership” over the field; its biennial congresses are attended by thousands.

As well as co-authoring a paper, Chen sat on the board of the Scientific Program Committee for the Congress.

He is also the councilor for Asia 2013 of the International Society for Organ Donation and Procurement, which is a section of TTS.

Chen has played these roles with TTS even though the allegations that he has been involved in forced, live organ harvesting are on public record.

The transcript of the incriminating phone call to Tongji Hospital, whose organ transplantation department Chen led at the time, is published on WOIPFG’s website and is cited as part of a seminal report on the harvesting of organs from practitioners of Falun Gong titled “Bloody Harvest” co-authored by Canadians David Matas, an international human rights lawyer, and David Kilgour, a former crown prosecutor and parliamentarian.

In addition, a criminal complaint was filed against Chen with the U.S. Attorney’s Office in Boston in July 2006 when Chen was in the city to attend the World Transplantation Congress. The complaint accuses Chen of “participating in a forced organ removal program” that targeted Falun Gong.

The TTS’s official position to the use of organs from executed prisoners, as articulated in an email by Dr. Francis Delmonico, the Society’s president-elect, is “unambiguous opposition.”

The TTS resident ethicist produced a question and answer specifically on the China question, and the society has taken some measures to make sure its conferences are not platforms for discussing the latest advancements in removing the organs of just-executed prisoners.

But advocates and researchers say that, particularly on the question of Chen Zhonghua, TTS has not done enough.

“Chen is not an ordinary transplant surgeon. He is a high-level official in the unethical Chinese transplant system,” wrote Arne Schwarz, a Swiss-based researcher of ethics in organ transplant practices, in an email.

Chen was the director of a transplant unit that racked up 4,000 transplants “mostly using prisoner organs,” according to Schwarz.

Chen was the director of a transplant unit that racked up 4,000 transplants “mostly using prisoner organs,” according to Schwarz.

Schwarz says that by allowing “such a compromised person” to hold the positions he does, “this is compromising TTS as a society concerned with transplant ethics.” Chen should be dismissed, Schwarz said.

According to TTS’s own rules for membership, that is to say, “Members of The Transplantation Society must not be involved in obtaining or transplanting organs from executed prisoners or other donors where there is a risk that an autonomous consent for donation is lacking,” Chen should be disqualified, according to Schwarz.

When The Epoch Times contacted TTS officials to ask about the apparent contradiction between the society’s stated policies and Chen’s holding of two official posts with TTS, TTS officials did not answer directly.

Dr. Gerhard Opelz, a member of the Executive Organizing Committee for the Berlin Congress and president of TTS, referred questions about Chen to Delmonico. Delmonico then referred the questions about Chen back to Opelz. In response to a second request for comment on July 30, Opelz responded by saying simply that he would be “on vacation until August 20.”

Next … papers from the PRC were bounced.

Bounced Papers

TTS does not allow research presented at its conferences if the source of the organs used in the research was questionable; attendees of the congress from the People’s Republic of China (PRC) were made to sign a declaration to that effect.

One result of this rule was that “seven or eight” papers from the PRC were bounced, according to Dr. Jay Lavee.

One result of this rule was that “seven or eight” papers from the PRC were bounced, according to Dr. Jay Lavee, head of the heart transplant unit at Sheba Medical Center in Tel Hashomer, Israel. Lavee made the remark as an audience member during a July 18 conference held by Doctors Against Forced Organ Harvesting, a medical advocacy group, which prepared its own panel in Berlin to shadow the TTS congress.

The rule also led to Chen submitting a paper on research on mice, rather than humans, because the latter would have been inadmissible under TTS rules, according to an email from a TTS member that was familiar with the situation, sent to David Matas.

For TTS, this is a desirable level of distance from the practices they oppose.

Matas says the TTS needs to be stricter.

“There’s a question here: these people are involved in transplant abuse, so what are they doing at these conferences when they are involved in disreputable research?”

Part of the reason for the prohibition is so that the TTS is not directly complicit in the abuse of organ transplantation.

But Matas says that it is also important not to “give any status of respectability to people involved in disreputable behavior.”

Presentations like this are flaunted as part of a curriculum vitae, or on the doctors’ websites, Matas says. “They don’t just use it for research on mice. They’re actively involved in transplant tourism, with high fees, and part of that is ‘Well, I spoke at the Berlin Congress.’ The idea that it’s alright because they spoke on mice is cutting a fine line.”

TTS guidelines also say, “No transplant surgeon/team shall be involved directly or indirectly in the buying or selling of organs/tissues.”

Whose Organs

It is widely known that most of the organ transplantations performed in China come from executed prisoners. However, it has been a subject of contention as to who, precisely, is being executed.

A growing body of evidence has suggested that primary targets for organ harvesting operations have been practitioners of Falun Gong.

A simulation of organ harvesting from Falun Gong practitioners in China is enacted during a rally in Ottawa, Canada, on Sept. 26, 2006. (The Epoch Times)

Falun Gong, also known as Falun Dafa, involves doing five meditative exercises and living according to teachings based on the principles of truthfulness, compassion, and tolerance. Because of its rapid growth in popularity—in 1999 more people practiced Falun Gong in China than were members of the Communist Party, and because of fear that the people of China would prefer Falun Gong’s traditional moral teachings to communist ideology, the then-head of the Chinese Communist Party Jiang Zemin began persecuting Falun Gong practitioners in July 1999.

Matas and Kilgour’s book Bloody Harvest links the forced, live organ harvesting from Falun Gong practitioners directly to the persecution.

The ability to perform 10,000 transplantations per year at prearranged times, as China does, implies the existence of a pool of roughly 150,000 people ready to be executed, because of the need for blood and tissue matching with the recipient, according to Damon Noto, M.D., a spokesperson for Doctors Against Forced Organ Harvesting, in remarks given at a recent forum on Capitol Hill in Washington, D.C. Researchers say that the Falun Gong prison population is being used to provide this donor pool.

Chen has been accused of participating in this vast scheme. He could not be reached for comment on this article.

For advocates, the gravity of the charges calls for more than a perfunctory response from TTS.

“It’s unbelievable that a professor of medicine, who is supposed to protect human lives, is actively committing crimes against humanity,” wrote Waltraud Ng, the spokesperson for the German Falun Dafa Information Center, in an email. “To prevent unethical doctors from attending a congress like this, only those who sign the Membership Statement of The Transplantation Society should be allowed to join.”

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